The Bucharest Early Intervention Project
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Selected Publications
Stamoulis C, Vanderwert R, Zeanah CH, Fox NA, & Nelson CA (2015). Early psychosocial neglect adversely impacts developmental trajectories of brain oscillations and their interactions. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27 (12): 2512-28. [abstract]

Zeanah, C.H., Nelson, C.A., Fox, N.A., Smyke, A.T., Marshall, P., Parker, S.W., & Koga, S. (2003). Designing research to study the effects of institutionalization on brain and behavioral development: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project.  Development and Psychopathology, 15(4), 885-907. PMID: 14984131. [abstract]

Marshall, P.J., Fox, N.A., & the BEIP Core Group. (2004). A comparison of the electroencephalogram between institutionalized and community children in Romania. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16(8), 1327-1338. PMID: 15532128. [abstract]

Zeanah, C.H., Smyke, A.T., Koga, S.F., Carlson, E., & the BEIP Core Group. (2005). Attachment in institutionalized and community children in Romania. Child Development, 76(5), 1015-1028. PMID: 16149999. [abstract]

Nelson, C.A., Zeanah, C.H., Fox, N.A., Marshall, P. J., Smyke, A.T., & Guthrie, D. (2007). Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Science, 318(5858), 1937-1940. PMID: 18096809. [abstract]

Bos, Karen J., Fox, N., Zeanah, C.H., & Nelson, C.A. (2009). Effects of early psychosocial deprivation on the development of memory and executive function. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 3, 1-7. PMID: 19750200; PMCID: PMC2741295. [abstract] [PDF]

Nelson, C.A., Furtado, E.A., Fox, N.A., & Zeanah, C.H. (2009).The deprived human brain. American Scientist, 97, 222-229. [full text]

Smyke, A.T., Zeanah, C.H., Fox, N.A., & Nelson, C.A. (2009). A new model of foster care for young children: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 18(3), 721-734. PMID: 19486847. [abstract]

Zeanah, C.H., Egger. H.L., Smyke, A.T., Nelson, C.A., Fox, N.A., Marshall, P.J., & Guthrie, D. (2009). Institutional rearing and psychiatric disorders in Romanian preschool children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 777-785. PMID: 19487394. [abstract] [PDF]

Bos, K., Zeanah, C.Z., Fox, N.A., & Nelson, C.A. (2010). Stereotypies in children with a history of early institutional care. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 164(5), 406-411. PMID: 20439790. [abstract] [full text]

McLaughlin, K.A., Fox, N.A., Zeanah, C.H., Sheridan, M. A., Marshall, P.J., & Nelson, C.A. (2010). Delayed maturation in brain electrical activity partially explains the association between early environmental deprivation and symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 68(4), 329-336. PMID: 20497899; PMCID: PMC3010237. [abstract] [PDF]

Smyke, A.T., Zeanah, C.H., Fox, N.A., Nelson, C.A., & Guthrie, D. (2010). Placement in foster care enhances quality of attachment among young institutionalized children. Child Development, 81(1), 212-223. PMID: 20331663. [abstract]

Vanderwert, R.E., Marshall, P.J., Nelson, C.A., Zeanah, C.H., & Fox, N.A. (2010). Timing of intervention affects brain electrical activity in children exposed to severe psychosocial neglect. PLoS ONE, 5(7), 1-5. PMID: 20617175; PMCID: PMC2895657. [abstract] [PDF]

Fox, N.A., Almas, A.N. Degnan, K.A., Nelson, C.A., & Zeanah, C.H. (2011). The effects of severe psychosocial deprivation and foster care intervention on cognitive development at 8 years of age: Findings from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(9), 919–928. PMID: 21244422. [abstract]

Drury, S.S., Theall, K.P., Gleason, M.M., Smyke, A.T., Devivo, I., Wong, J.Y.Y., Fox, N.A., Zeanah, C.H., & Nelson, C.A. (2012). Telomere length and early severe social deprivation: Linking early adversity and cellular aging. Molecular Psychiatry, 17(7), 719-727. PMID: 21577215. [abstract]

McLaughlin, K.A., Zeanah. C.H., Fox, N.A., & Nelson, C.A. (2012). Attachment security as a mechanism linking foster care placement to improved mental health outcomes in previously institutionalized children. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 53(1), 46-55. PMID: 21733136; PMCID: PMC319387. [abstract] [PDF]

Bick, J., Zhu, T., Stamoulis, C., Fox, N.A., Zeanah, C.H., Nelson, C.A. (2015). Effect on early institutionalization and foster care on long-term white matter development: A randomized clinical trial. Jama Pediatrics, 169 (3): 211-219. [abstract]

Commentaries on the BEIP

​Wassenaar, D.R. (2006). Commentary: Ethical considerations in international research collaboration: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27, 577-580. [abstract not available]

Millum, J. & Emanuel, E.J. (2007). The ethics of international research with abandoned children. Science, 318, 1874-1875. [abstract not available]

Editor. (2008). The ethical neuroscientist. Nature Neuroscience, 11, 239. [full text]

Miller, F.G. (2009). The randomized controlled trial as a demonstration project: An
ethical perspective. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 743-745. [PDF]

Glowinski, A.L. (2011). Reactive attachment disorder: An evolving entity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50, 210-212. [abstract not available]

Rid, A. (2012). When is research socially valuable? Lessons from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project: Commentary on a case study in the ethics of mental health research. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 200, 248-249. [abstract not available]

Schechter, D.S. (2012). Editorial: The developmental neuroscience of emotional neglect, its consequences, and the psychological interventions that can reverse them.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 452-454. [PDF]

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